They are one of the deadliest big game animals responsible for several deaths of hunters in Africa consisting of the large savanna buffaloes and the small forest buffaloes but in Murchison Falls National Park, Savanna buffaloes graze in a large herd and are very protective of their calves, males often involve themselves in fights and the losers separate from the herd. Sighting them at the park is easier along the River Nile banks especially during the dry season because they drink a lot of water.
The cape buffalo can grow up to the height of 165cm around the shoulder and can weigh 680kg (1500lbs), making is regarded as one of the enormous “Big Five” animals of Africa although they are herbivores feeding mainly on grass, buffalos are among the deadliest mammal species in Uganda known for killing hunters reason being they are very unpredictable and defensive nature and buffaloes always with excitement trample a lion threatening to attack any of them! But because of their poor ability to regulate body temperature throughout the hot equatorial days, they are commonly found wallowing in mud or water along the river banks.
Uganda has two subspecies of buffaloes in existence and they include the larger savannah buffalo and the smaller forest buffalo grazing and living in two groups, one as family herds having mainly females and calves then the second one being the bachelor herds and they can be found in National parks like Murchison Falls National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park, Lake Mburo National Park and Kidepo Valley National Park among others.
They are among Africa’s wildest ruminants and can survive in all types of grassland habitat in sub-Saharan Africa ranging from dry savanna to swamp and from lowland flood plains to montane rainforests and they are immune to some diseases that attack and kill most domestic cattle in Africa, the diseases include nagana spread by tsetse flies.
When it comes to buffalo breeding, males detect the females are on heat by regularly sniffing their genitals and urine and the females be on heat for three days attracting attention of bulls that court her by laying their chins on her rump. For one to be in control of the females, least eight years of fighting for his way to dominate the mating and the female buffalo remains with the herd after giving birth and the calf suckles for at least 15 months.
Planning to visit Uganda for safari and would love to get a chance of encountering these enormous Buffaloes, you can book a tour to Murchison falls park with Tristar Africa Skimmer Safaris by sending an email to email@example.com or call us now on +256-758540071 to speak with our reservations team.